19. Loan Estimates: Other Costs

by Local Title

In addition to the services outlined in your Loan Estimate, there are various other costs associated with real estate transactions that borrowers should understand. These costs encompass taxes, pre-payments, escrow funding, and title insurance, each playing a crucial role in the overall financial picture of your loan transaction. Here’s what you need to know about these additional costs:

Recording Fees and Transfer Taxes

Recording fees are charges imposed by government agencies for maintaining legal ownership records of real estate properties. These fees ensure that property transactions are properly documented and recorded in official records. Additionally, transfer taxes may be levied by states, counties, and municipalities on real estate ownership transfers, adding to the overall cost of the transaction.


Prepayments include various expenses paid in advance as part of the loan transaction. These may include homeowner’s insurance premiums, mortgage insurance (if required), property taxes for several months in advance, and prepaid interest from the closing date to the first mortgage payment. These prepayments help ensure that essential expenses are covered and accounted for during the initial stages of homeownership.

Escrow Funding

Escrow funding is a mechanism used to set aside funds for future expenses related to homeownership. This may include funding for annual charges such as homeowners insurance, mortgage insurance, and property taxes. By setting aside funds in escrow, borrowers can ensure that they have the necessary funds available to cover these expenses when they become due.

Title Insurance

Title insurance protects the buyer and lender against any unforeseen issues or defects in the property’s title. While lender’s title insurance is typically required by the lender to protect their interest in the loan collateral, owner’s title insurance is optional for the buyer. However, it provides valuable protection against potential title defects and ownership disputes.

Understanding Tolerance Rules

It’s essential to note that some of these “Other Costs” outlined in your Loan Estimate may vary between the initial estimate and the final Closing Disclosure. To ensure transparency and accuracy, borrowers should inquire about tolerance rules governing these costs. By understanding these rules or watching informational resources provided by your lender, you can gain insight into potential discrepancies and ensure that you are prepared for any variations between the Loan Estimate and the final disclosure.

Understanding the additional costs outlined in your Loan Estimate is essential for navigating the real estate loan process. By familiarizing yourself with recording fees, transfer taxes, prepayments, escrow funding, and title insurance, you can ensure that you are financially prepared for homeownership and make informed decisions throughout the transaction.